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Canadian trade remedy proceedings include:

  • Beer from the U.S.A.
  • Bicycles from the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan
  • Carbon Steel Welded Pipe from Argentina, India, Romania, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, Venezuela and Brazil
  • Concrete Reinforcing Bar from Belarus, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, Japan, Portugal and Spain
  • Copper Rod from Brazil and Russia
  • Delicious Apples from the U.S.A.
  • Dishwashers and Dryers from the U.S.A.
  • Fabricated Industrial Steel Components (FISC) from China, Republic of Korea, Spain, United Arab Emirates and United Kingdom
  • Flat Hot-Rolled Carbon and Alloy Steel Sheet and Strip from Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Chinese Taipei, India, Korea, Macedonia, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Ukraine, and Yugoslavia
  • Gypsum Board from the U.S.A
  • Grain Corn from the U.S.A.
  • Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Plate from Brazil, Finland, India, Indonesia, Thailand and Ukraine
  • Laminate Flooring from China and Certain European Countries
  • Liquid Dielectric Transformers from Korea
  • Machine Tufted Carpet from the U.S.A.
  • Pasta from Turkey
  • Polyethylene Terephthalate Resin
  • Refined Sugar from the U.S.A., Denmark, The Netherlands, United Kingdom and Republic of Korea


International trade remedy and subsidy proceedings include:

  • United States – Final Anti-Dumping Measures on Stainless Steel from Mexico (WTO)
  • United States – Investigation of the International Trade Commission in Softwood Lumber from Canada (WTO)
  • United States – Continued Dumping and Subsidy Act (WTO)
  • Canada – Export Credits and Loan Guarantees for Regional Aircraft (WTO)
  • China – Grants, Loans and Other Incentives (WTO)
  • China – Certain Measures Granting Refunds, Reductions or Exemptions from Taxes and Other Payments (MEX) (WTO)
  • European Communities – Export Subsidies on Sugar (WTO)
  • Mexico – Anti-Dumping Investigation of High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) from the United States (WTO)
  • United States – Laws, Regulations and Methodology for Calculating Dumping Margins (“Zeroing”) (WTO)
  • United States – Measures Relating to Zeroing and Sunset Reviews (WTO)
  • United States – Measures Treating Export Restraints as Subsidies (WTO)
  • United States – Softwood Lumber II (GATT Subsidies Code Panel)
  • Canada – Gypsum (AD) (CUSFTA)
  • Canada – Beer (AD) (CUSFTA)
  • Canada – Refined Sugar (AD) (NAFTA)
  • Mexico – Flat Coated Steel (AD) (NAFTA)
  • Mexico – Cut-to-Length Plate (AD) (NAFTA)
  • United States – Softwood Lumber (AD, CVD) (NAFTA)


Trade remedy issues that our lawyers have addressed include:

  • Whether natural resource harvesting/extraction measures are countervailable subsidies
  • Whether export restraints are countervailable subsidies
  • The determination of the amount of a subsidy using an option pricing model (Black & Scholes)
  • Countervailing a price support program under Article 1.1(a)(2) of the WTO SCM Agreement
  • Loans and financing subsidies
  • Equity subsidies, including debt-to-equity swaps
  • The interface between duty drawback and deferral programs and margins of dumping
  • The pass-through of subsidies to downstream manufacturers
  • Government ownership and benchmarks for the calculation of the amount of subsidies
  • The effect of privatization on pre-privatization subsidies
  • Input cost distortions
  • Price support subsidies
  • Non-market economies
  • Zeroing methodology